Since a lot of prep work is involved in making this traditional Lebanese recipe, Moghrabiyeh is usually served on Sundays, at large family gatherings and during the holidays.
Moghrabiyeh, also called Lebanese couscous or originally Berkukis, are irregular-shaped pea sized beads made with semolina. Sold either steamed (in Lebanon) or dry (in grocery stores), the grains inflate and turn chewy once cooked in broth; absorbing all the flavors. Lebanese couscous is often confused with Israeli couscous (also known as Ptitim and Ben Gurion’s Rice) that are peppercorn sized wheat-based baked pasta; that take about 15 minutes less to cook.
In the United States, dry moghrabiyeh grains are sold packed in clear bags in Middle Eastern markets, some supermarket chains and online gourmet food stores like Williams Sonoma.
Moghrabiyeh can be substituted with what is called Maftoul in Palestine, Syria and Jordan. There are also a number of other non-traditional substitutes. You can use Moroccan Berkoukesh pasta bullets, Romanian Tarhonya dried egg pasta, Israeli Couscous and Sardinian Fregula/Fregola Sarda toasted semolina pasta balls – just change the liquid amount and cooking time as instructed on the package, or cook like Italian risotto; by gradually adding broth and keeping an eye on it. If you cannot find any of the above and do not mind a mushier substitute use Italian Acini di Pepe pasta; or any grain like quinoa kernels and whole wheat berries.
Note: use preferred amount and kind of oil or butter whenever sautéing or browning is instructed in this recipe. Also, if you are not familiar with this dish, or prefer a milder palate when it comes to food, use half the amount of spices to start with and add more to your liking.
To start, you prepare a hearty stew-like sauce to be served over chewy pasta grains. It has chunky beef pieces, caramelized pearl onions, garbanzo beans and spices. Ground caraway fruits (often termed incorrectly as caraway seeds) is what gives this Lebanese recipe its distinctive taste; a strong sweet but tangy anise-like flavor and aroma. Caraway is the little brown “seed” found in rye bread; it is the the fruit of a biennial herb in the parsley family, known as carum carvi.
Next, you parboil dry moghrabiyeh grains and stir-cook with a bit of liquid from your sauce, and prepare cut-up chicken pieces by braising them in an aromatic broth.
To assemble the dish, simply arrange moghrabiyeh on a large platter; slightly domed. Place chicken pieces around the bottom, a few cubes of beef on top and scatter remaining caramelized onions all over.
Serve with meat sauce on the side in a separate bowl.
MOGHRABIYEH | LEBANESE COUSCOUS WITH BRAISED CHICKEN
For meat sauce:
1 cup onion, finely minced
14-to-18 oz lean cubed beef
1/8 teaspoon ground allspice, plus another 1 1/8 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon salt, plus another 1 teaspoon
8 cups water
2 1/2 teaspoons ground caraway
1/4 teaspoon black pepper
1 teaspoon cinnamon
1 tablespoon chicken bouillon paste or powder
8 oz (3/4) cup cooked garbanzo beans
For caramelized onions:
24 oz pearl onions, frozen or fresh
4 teaspoons white granulated sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon ground allspice
For chicken pieces:
1 whole chicken, cut up
Salt, white pepper and ground allspice; to taste
Water, as needed
1 bay leaf
1 pebble mastic gum
1-inch cinnamon bark
1 cardamom pod
2 black peppercorns
1 whole clove
Half a celery stick
Half a carrot
A quarter of an onion
For moghrabiyeh grains:
4 cups dry moghrabiyeh grains; Lebanese couscous made with semolina
1 tablespoon ground caraway
3/4 teaspoon ground allspice
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1/4 teaspoon black pepper
8 oz (3/4) cup cooked Garbanzo beans
For sauce roux:
4 teaspoons flour
4 teaspoons butter
1/4 teaspoon ground caraway
1/4 teaspoon ground allspice
Pinch of cinnamon
Prepare meat sauce. Sauté minced onions in oil or butter until golden; set aside.
In an open pressure cooker, sauté beef with 1/8 teaspoon allspice and 1/2 teaspoon salt on medium heat until browned all over. Return minced onions to pot. Add 8 cups water and bring to a gentle boil; removing surface scum as needed. Seal pressure cooker and cook 20-to-40 minutes until meat is fork tender.
Meanwhile, prepare caramelized onions.
Step one: if using frozen pearl onions, defrost completely and drain. If using fresh onions, blanch in salted boiling water for a few seconds, shock in iced water and peel skin off.
Step two: sauté pearl onions in a saucepan until slightly golden. Gradually add sugar and start to caramelize until onions are almost tender and turn a rich golden brown. Mix in salt and allspice. Stop here for frozen onions
Step three: if you are using fresh onions, add about half a cup of water, bring to a boil and simmer covered until almost tender.
Set aside some caramelized pearl onions to use as garnish and divide the remaining into two parts.
Continue making meat sauce. Strain beef broth (you should have about 6 cups) and set aside some beef cubes to use as garnish. Add the following to the pot: one part of divided pearl onions, 1 teaspoon salt, 2 ½ teaspoons ground caraway, 1 1/8 teaspoon allspice, ¼ teaspoon black pepper, 1 teaspoon cinnamon and 1 tablespoon chicken bouillon.
Bring contents to a boil then simmer uncovered for 15 minutes. Add Garbanzo beans and cook for another 5 minutes. Turn off heat. This is your meat sauce; it will be thickened later with a roux made with flour and butter.
Ladle 4 cups broth from the meat sauce (no solids) into a bowl and set aside; you will need this to cook moghrabiyeh grains.
Prepare chicken. In another casserole, season chicken pieces with salt, white pepper and a dash of allspice. Sauté pieces until browned on all sides; top off with water. Add bay leaf, mastic gum, cinnamon bark, cardamom pod, peppercorns, whole clove, celery, onion and carrot. Bring to a boil and braise on low heat, covered, about 40-to-60 minutes until chicken is cooked.
Prepare moghrabiyeh grains. Make sure 4 cups of reserved beef broth is still hot; if not, bring to a boil and remove from heat.
Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil; add 1 teaspoon oil. Add dry moghrabiyeh grains and cook for 8 minutes; drain, shock in iced cold water then rinse under running water and drain well.
Return grains back to pot, add some oil or butter and sauté for about 8 minutes on medium heat; stirring occasionally. Add 1 tablespoon ground caraway, ¾ teaspoon allspice, ½ teaspoon cinnamon and ¼ teaspoon black pepper.
Change heat setting to low. Add 1 cup (of 4 cups) beef broth and stir-cook 3 minutes. Add another 1 cup broth, stir-cook 2 minutes, and then slowly add in 1 ½ cups broth as you stir occasionally. Simmer covered for 15 minutes. Check grains, they need to be firm, plump yet chewy; if not done, add remaining ½ cup broth as you stir. Either way, simmer for another 5 minutes.
Check again to make sure all liquid is absorbed and adjust seasoning if needed. Turn off heat; cover with a kitchen towel and let stand 15 minutes. Fluff with a large fork. Gently mix in remaining half of caramelized onions and 8 oz Garbanzo beans.
Prepare roux for meat sauce. In a saucepan, melt 4 teaspoons butter with 4 teaspoons flour, 1/4 teaspoon ground caraway, 1/4 teaspoon allspice and a pinch of cinnamon. Stir-cook on medium heat until golden; about 7 min. Add in your meat sauce all at once and cook as you whisk until it comes to a gentle boil and is slightly thickened.
Assemble dish. Arrange moghrabiyeh on a platter; slightly domed. Place chicken pieces towards the bottom and add a few beef cubes in the middle. Scatter remaining caramelized onions all over. Serve with meat sauce on the side in a separate bowl.